Difference between BSc in Microbiology and BSc in Medical Microbiology

There are tons of different bachelor courses available for students after completing class 12th with biology but this vast availability of courses creates confusion. BSc in Microbiology and BSc in Medical Microbiology is one of many confusions students encounter while selecting the course due to similarities in the name. 

Therefore in this article, we will learn about things which are different between BSc in Microbiology and BSc in Medical Microbiology in different aspects such as syllabus, opportunities and most importantly, learning. 

BSc in Mircobiology focuses on the study of micro-organism whereas BSc in Medical Microbiology focuses more on study of diseases caused by these micro-organism and methods to prevent these diseases. Both these courses have good scope and it all comes down to your area of interest. If you want to learn about micro-organism then go for BSc in Microbiology but if you are more interested in how these micro-organisms affect human beings then BSc in Medical Microbiology is a better option. 

Difference between Microbiology and Medical Microbiology:

Microbiology is the study of microorganisms which includes bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa etc.. Microbiology is the vast field but to keep it simple, it can be subdivided into 5 different parts which are virology, baceteriology, mycology, parasitology and immunology

Now due to similarities in the course names, it gets confusing to distinguish between the two and that’s why many people think both are the same course. So lets understand the difference between both the courses, BSc in Microbiology and BSc in Medical Microbiology in terms of Syllabus, Fees, Career scopes and Job profiles.   


Microbiology is the vast field and if you go for BSc in Microbiology then you will be learning about microorganism in general. This will include General microbiology, Immunology, Microbial Genetics, Bioinformatic, Biophysics, Cell Structure, Tissue culture, Virology, etc.. 

Whereas in case of Medical Microbiology, main focus of syllabus would be on microorganism which causes diseases to human beings and methods to prevent those diseases. This will include topics from Biochemistry, Biophysics, Clinical Pathology, General Microbiology, Human Anatomy, Human Physiology, Immunohematology, Industrial Microbiology, Medical Parasitology, Medical Entomology, etc..


Fees of both the courses BSc in Microbiology and BSc in Medical Microbiology are almost similar and this mainly varies from university to university. The fees can range from anywhere between 50,000 to 2 lakhs per year.

Career scope:

Microbiology is in huge demand nowadays specially in research and development sector. No matter which course you select, both of them have excellent career scope in future as well but there is a slight difference here. 

In Bsc in microbiology you will be studying about microorganism in general and therefore you will learn about different types of microorganism including medical microbiology, Immunology, general microbiology and food microorganism as well. This will give you much better opportunities to work in different sectors or industries. 

In case of medical microbiology you are taken one step further and will learn about medical microorganism in much more depth and details. You will learn about diseases caused by these microorganisms and how to prevent these diseases. All this is something you will not learn in such details in BSc in Microbiology and that’s why Bsc in Medical Microbiology has more scope of working in Hospital or Pharmaceutical industries compare to BSc in Microbiology.

Job profiles:

Since there is huge difference between employment areas of both the courses, job profiles are also different. Generally BSc in Microbiology, includes job types of Bacteriologist, Industrial Microbiologist, Virologist, Mycologist, Proto zoologist, Biochemist, Food Microbiologist, Immunologist, Environmental Microbiolist and Cell biologist.

On the other hand, BSc in Medical Microbiology  includes job types of Analyst, Biomedical Scientist, Medical Microbiologist, Medical Representative (Pharmaceutical Industries), Lecturer and Professor

Which is better? (Conclusion)

Well in my opinion both the courses are equally good, it’s just matter of your own interest. If you want to learn about microorganism and you are interested in different types of microorganism then BSc in Microbiology is the course you are looking for but in case you are interested in Microorganisms and how they affect us like diseases caused by them and things like that then BSc in Medical Microbiology would be a better choice in this case. 

In the end, it all comes to a single point which is: 
“What you are interested in and What drives the curiosity inside you?”

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